TJ Steadman on the rise and fall and rise of Nimrod aka Enmerkar, Giant, Nephil, Repha, Assyrian, Rahab, Leviathan, 3 of 5

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You can find all of my articles regarding TJ Steadman here.

TJ Steadman notes “the Septuagint says three times that he became a giant, it would be reasonable to conclude that by some means he had become physically changed and that this was not simply political or persuasive power.”

You can find all of my articles regarding TJ Steadman here.

TJ Steadman notes “the Septuagint says three times that he became a giant, it would be reasonable to conclude that by some means he had become physically changed and that this was not simply political or persuasive power.”
Yet, this is utterly folly and why he really needs to exorcise the term giant from his vocabulary. In no way, shape, form or linguistic-etymological gymnastics is anyone including the LXX telling us that he became a “giant.”
TJ Steadman thinks that Nephilim or naphal/napiyla means giant and also that gibborim or gabar can mean giant. Now, he cannot claim that Nimrod became a giant because he is called a Nephil since he is not and he also cannot claim, at least not outright or exclusively, that Nimrod became a giant because he is called a gibbor since he has admitted that it does not always mean giant—and, in fact, it never once means any such thing.

TJ Steadman seeks to buttress his claims by appealing to an apocryphal text from circa the 3rd-4th AD centuries which is millennia after the Torah was written, “One example of a tradition regarding Nimrod’s transformation is Pseudo-Clement’s Homilies (9.4), in which Nimrod is associated with some dark magic, he is called a giant, and he is also given the name Zoroaster, father of the cult of Zoroastrianism. This is associated with a worship of fire, which according to other traditions…was a rite that Nimrod practiced.”
Well, there is a reason that the text is known as “Pseudo” since it consists of such incoherence.

Zoroastrian tradition dates him to 628 BC which is millennia after Nimrod died.

Pseudo has it that of “Of this [Noe’s] family there was born in due time a certain one, who took up with magical practices, by name Nebrod, who chose, giant-like, to devise things in opposition to God. Him the Greeks have called Zoroaster. He, after the deluge, being ambitious of sovereignty, and being a great magician, by magical arts compelled the world-guiding star of the wicked one who now rules, to the bestowal of the sovereignty as a gift from him…the magician Nebrod, being destroyed by this lightning falling on earth from heaven, for this circumstance had his name changed to Zoroaster, on account of the living stream of the star being poured upon him.”
Thus, they “buried the remains of his body, and honoured his burial-place with a temple among the Persians, where the descent of the fire occurred, and worshipped him as a god. By this example also, others there bury those who die by lightning as beloved of God.”

TJ Steadman also points out “Incidentally, fire (literally ‘burning’) comes from the same Hebrew word used to describe a venomous snake (‘saraph’). In this way, a venomous insect or scorpion’s sting might also be considered to ‘burn’ (for reasons we shall consider in a later chapter).” But what same Hebrew word? No such thing is stated about Nimrod in the Hebrew Bible and Pseudo was not written in Hebrew.

TJ Steadman also tells us:

Contact with the Nephilim is implied by the fact of the similar language in use (gibbowr from Genesis 6:4) and the change in body size that the Septuagint makes clear in the translation “giant.”

This explains the Sumerian tradition of the Apkallu – Nimrod had used divination to contact one of the ancient spirits from before the Flood. Nimrod’s (Emnerkar’s) use of divination is mentioned in the ancient text of the Cuthaean Legend, and a tradition of his coming into contact with the corpse of an ancient person is preserved in a version of Enmerkar and Adapa.

According to various Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) traditions, the coronation of kings was associated with rituals whereby the ancient gods were summoned to guide and empower the new king and to impart the wisdom of the great kings from before the Flood. Nimrod had probably “begun to be a mighty one” by this means and used his considerable power and influence to motivate his subjects to commence construction.

I realize that we are covering the same ground time and again but I am attempting to get the data from the horse’s mouth—since when I do not do so, I end up coming across as a horse’s well, opposite end. TJ Steadman covering the same or similar ground time and again as his book progresses and I am simply being as fair as I can be in variously quoting him.

Now, how can Nimrod have had “Contact with the Nephilim” since he accepts that “At the end of the Flood narrative…the Nephilim have all died.” It is because he buys into the folkloric notion from millennia after the Torah was written that asserts that demons are Nephilim spirits (for my biblical argument as to the identification of demons, see my article Demons Ex Machina: What are Demons?).

Demons “Ex Machina:” What Are Demons?

His claim is that it is because of the term gibbowr and something not found anywhere in the entire Bible, “the change in body size.” Well, if he had contact with Nephilim (in any form) then so did Boaz, David, his soldiers, Angels, God, etc. for reasons noted earlier. Also already reviewed is that the LXX’s reference to Nimrod as “giant” is a non-issue since that does not state nor even imply anything about height: the LXX has the Nephilim as “earth-born” (gigantes/gigas) and so also Nimrod.

I will focus on TJ Steadman’s claims about Apkallu in another article. For now, note that there is no such thing as “the” singular “Sumerian tradition” singular “of the Apkallu” but various ones, which makes it difficult, in not impossible, to correlate Apkallu with Nimrod or Nephilim or sons of God.

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My well gone through copy of Steadman’s book

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