Demons in the Targumim

Herein are quotations and citations on Demons in the Targumim. The Targumim, plural of Targum (Strong’s H8638 meaning interpret as in Ezra 4:7), are Aramaic paraphrases of the Old Testament that began to be produced beginning at the time of the Second Temple period (530 BC and 70 AD). The fuller complete result consists of quotations of those sections within the text that refer to Angels, Cherubim, Seraphim, Devil, Satan, demons, serpent and dragon. The point is not to elucidate these references but to provide relevant partial quotations and citations.

Herein are quotations and citations on Demons in the Targumim. The Targumim, plural of Targum (Strong’s H8638 meaning interpret as in Ezra 4:7), are Aramaic paraphrases of the Old Testament that began to be produced beginning at the time of the Second Temple period (530 BC and 70 AD). The fuller complete result consists of quotations of those sections within the text that refer to Angels, Cherubim, Seraphim, Devil, Satan, demons, serpent and dragon. The point is not to elucidate these references but to provide relevant partial quotations and citations. See my section on Angels here, Cherubim and Seraphim here, Satan here and Demons here.

Demons in the Targumim.

Targum to Psalms
Psalm 91:5-6, 10 Be not afraid of the terror of demons who walk at night, of the arrow of the Angel of death that he looses during the day; Of the death that walks in darkness, of the band of demons that attacks at noon…The lord of the world responded and thus he said: “No harm shall happen to you; and no plague or demon shall come near to your tents.”

Psalm 106:37 And they sacrificed their sons and their daughters to the demons.

Targum to Song of Songs
3:8 And on this account they are not afraid of demons or shades that prowl by night.

4:6 And all the time that the House of Israel held fast to the ways of their righteous fathers, the demons and night-demons and morning-demons and midday-demons fled from among them, because the glorious Presence of YY dwelt in the Temple that was built on Mount Moriah, and all the demons and destroyers would flee from the smell of the spice incense.

In the next segment, we will consider Serpent (within a Satanic context) in the Targumim.

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