Herein we begin considering Demons within texts generally termed the Apocrypha, Deutero Canonical, Pseudepigrapha, Gnostic Texts, etc. (see my article on the Apocrypha here). The fuller complete result consists of quotations of those sections within the text that refer to Angels, Cherubim, Seraphim, Devil, Satan, demons, serpent and dragon. The point is not to elucidate these references but to provide relevant partial quotations and citations.
Herein we begin considering Demons within texts generally termed the Apocrypha, Deutero Canonical, Pseudepigrapha, Gnostic Texts, etc. (see my article on the Apocrypha here). The fuller complete result consists of quotations of those sections within the text that refer to Angels, Cherubim, Seraphim, Devil, Satan, demons, serpent and dragon. The point is not to elucidate these references but to provide relevant partial quotations and citations. See my section on Angels in general and in apocryphal texts here. See my section on Cherubim and Seraphim in general and in apocryphal texts here and Satan in apocryphal texts here.
Demons in Books of Giants, Book Of The Resurrection of Christ by Bartholomew the Apostle, Gospel of Phillip, Secret Gospel of Mark and Gospel of Marcion aka Gospel of the Lord.
Books of Giants – pre 100 BC
All ellipses found within the original translation by W. B. Henning:
(E. Sogdian) (First page) . . . [when] they saw the apostle, . . . before the apostle . . . those demons that were [timid], were very, very glad at seeing the apostle. All of them assembled before him. Also, of those that were tyrants and criminals, they were [worried] and much afraid. Then . . . (Second page) . . . not to . . . Thereupon those powerful demons spoke thus to the pious apostle: If . . . . by us any (further) sin [will] not [be committed ?], my lord, why ? . . . . you have . . . and weighty injunction . . .
(E. Sogdian) “The four Angels with the two hundred [demons . . . “. . . they took and imprisoned all the helpers that were in the heavens. And the Angels themselves descended from the heaven to the Earth. And (when) the two hundred demons saw those Angels, they were much afraid and worried. They assumed the shape of men and hid themselves. Thereupon the Angels forcibly removed the men from the demons, (10) laid them aside, and put watchers over them . . . . the giants . . . . were sons . . . with each other in bodily union . . . . with each other self- . . . . and the . . . . that had been born to them, they forcibly removed them from the demons. And they led one half of them (20) eastwards, and the other half westwards, on the skirts of four huge mountains, towards the foot of the Sumeru mountain, into thirty-two towns which the Living Spirit had prepared for them in the beginning. And one calls (that place) Aryān-waižan. And those men are (or: were) . . . . in the first arts and crafts. (30) . . . . they made . . . the Angels . . . and to the demons . . . they went to fight. And those two hundred demons fought a hard battle with the [four Angels], until [the Angels used] fire, naphtha, and brimstone . . . .
(H. Sogdian) And again a second son [was born] to him. He named him “Ahya”; its Sogdian (equivalent) is “Pat-Sahm”. As for the remaining giants, they were born to the other demons and Yakṣas. (Colophon) Completed: (the chapter on) “The Coming of the two hundred Demons”.
(J. Middle-Persian) T ii D ii 120, V ii 1-5: and in the coming of the two hundred demons there are two paths: the hurting speech, and the hard labour; these (belong, or: lead) to hell.
(K. Sogdian) (First page) . . . before . . . they were. And all the . . . fulfilled their tasks lawfully. Now, they became excited and irritated for the following reason: namely, the two hundred demons came down to the sphere from the high heaven, and the . . . .
(T. Parthian) (First page) . . . mirror . . . image. . . . distributed. The men . . . and Enoch was veiled ( = moved out of sight).1 They took . . . Afterwards, with donkey-goads . . . . slaves, and waterless trees (?). Then . . . and imprisoned the demons. And of them . . . . seven and twelve.
Book Of The Resurrection of Christ by Bartholomew the Apostle
Then Jesus rose and mounted into the chariot of the Cherubim. He wrought havoc in Hell, breaking the doors, binding the demons Beliar and Melkir (cf. Melkira in the Ascension of Isaiah), and delivered Adam and the holy souls.
Gospel of Phillip – 3rd century
Often some come and say We are faithful in order that they may be able to escape the unclean spirits and the demons.
Secret Gospel of Mark – 70-255 AD
But since the foul demons are always devising destruction for the race of men, Carpocrates, instructed by them and using deceitful arts, so enslaved a certain presbyter of the church in Alexandria that he got from him a copy of the secret Gospel, which he both interpreted according to his blasphemous and carnal doctrine and, moreover, polluted, mixing with the spotless and holy words utterly shameless lies.
Gospel of Marcion aka Gospel of the Lord – 2nd AD
I:4, 6-7, 23 And in the synagogue there was a man which had a spirit of an unclean demon, and he cried out with a loud…And when the demon had thrown him into the midst, he came out of him, having done no hurt…And demons also came out of many, crying out, saying, “Thou art Son of God.”
IV:33-34 For John the Baptist is come neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and ye say, He hath a demon.
V:2-3, 26-30, 32, 34-35, 37 Mary called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, and Joannah the wife of Chuza, Herod`s steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their possessions…And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had demons long time, and wore no cloke, neither abode in a house, but among the tombs…(For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For oftentimes it had caught him: and he was guarded and bound with chains and in fetters: and he brake the bands asunder, and was driven of the demon into the deserts)…”Legion” because many demons were entered into him…Then went the demons out of the man, and entered into the swine…Then they went out to see what was done ; and came to Jesus, and found the man, from whom the demons were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind : and they were afraid. They also which saw it told them by what means he that was possessed of the demons was saved…Now the man, from whom the demons had departed, besought him that he might be with him.
In the next segment, we will consider Tertullian Spectacles and Prayer and Epistle of Barnabas.
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